Tahuantinsuyo History of Inca Empire

What does Tahuantinsuyo mean?

The Tahuantinsuyo is the name given to the territory of the Inca empire, this name is composed of two Quechua words: “tahua” which means four, and “his” which means “region”. This name is due to the fact that this territory was divided into four regions, which were called: Collasuyo to the southeast, Chinchaysuyo to the northwest, Antisuyo to the northeast and finally Contisuyo to the west.

In Quechua it is called “Tawantinsuyu”.


The Incas arrived in the Cusco region in the 12th century, but it was only in the 15th century, during the governments of Pachacútec and Túpac Yupanqui, that the Inca empire was formed, whose origins are lost in legendary times, the Inca nobility already in its splendor stage. he drew up fantastic stories such as the myth of Manco Capac to ideologically justify his dominance over other peoples.

To be an empire, it is necessary to invade and take over other civilizations, it is necessary to dominate them, exploit it and reduce them so as not to fail and justify their status according to the time in which they lived and according to the mentality of the people they faced. For this they have to invent justifying acts for that invasion and at that time the best justifying act is to attribute that God has determined that message.

The tahuantinsuyo had its origin with the appearance of Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, who emerged from Lake Titicaca according to the story of the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, although if we investigate other Andean stories we can find the founding story of the Inca empire in the legend of the brothers Ayar, where Ayar Manco becomes one of the main protagonists of that story.

Tahuantinsuyo History

Manco Capac is a historical figure loaded with mythological and legendary accessories in his person that includes a long period of history that begins with the migration in search of fertile lands to Cusco. The concrete thing is that Manco Cápac is considered the first Inca according to the vestiges of the palace that is on the slopes of Sacsayhuamán.

The Incas were descendants of the Puquina people located in the Tiahuanaco region and whose capital was destroyed by invaders who arrived from the south, Manco Cápac would be part of that Puquina leadership that emigrated north due to that disaster and looking for farmland because there were probably problems , archeology itself has been showing that these myths have been in existence for a couple of years.

The Incas were only a manor for a long time until in the 15th century they became the powerful empire that we know as the “Tahuantinsuyo” whose borders range from the pastures in Colombia to the Maule River in Chile, covering a large part of the current territories. from Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and part of Argentina. This enormous state that had as its backbone the Andes mountain range covered more than a hundred ethnic groups, this expansion took place after defeating the Chancas, a warrior people from Apurímac and Ayacucho.

Quechua in the Inca Empire

According to the findings, archaeological remains are found in the surroundings of the Inca empire of the Huari Culture. In addition, in relation to the language, the findings show that the Incas initially spoke Aymara and Puquina, to later establish “Quechua” or “Runa Simi” as the only language to consolidate their domains.

Tahuantinsuyo Map

Mapa del Tahuantinsuyo